Plasma Activated Water (PAW)

Plasma Activated Water (PAW) is water that has been treated with a non-thermal plasma, resulting in the infusion of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species.

These reactive species have very specific reaction and signaling mechanisms on a variety of biological systems that improve plant vitality.

Hydrogen Peroxide (H₂O₂)

Function: Acts as a disinfectant, killing pathogens on plants and in soil.
Impact: Reduces the need for chemical pesticides, promoting healthier plants.

Ozone (O₃)

Function: Strong oxidizing agent that breaks down harmful organic compounds and pathogens.
Impact: Enhances soil health and reduces disease prevalence.

Hydroxyl Radicals (•OH)

Function: Extremely reactive species that degrade organic pollutants and pathogens.
Impact: Cleanses water and soil, ensuring a healthier growing environment.

Nitrites (NO₂⁻) and Nitrates (NO₃⁻)

Function: Serve as essential nutrients for plants, facilitating growth and development.
Impact: Enhances nutrient availability and uptake, leading to stronger, healthier plants.

Peroxynitrite (ONOO⁻)

Function: Combines the properties of ROS and RNS, acting as a disinfectant and growth enhancer.
Impact: Provides dual benefits of pathogen control and nutrient enrichment.

Nitric Oxide (NO)

Function: Regulates plant physiological processes, including stress responses and growth.
Impact: Improves plant resilience and productivity.